All Posts by Darren Harrison

Can A Knife Help You Survive In The Wilderness?

Hiking or camping in the great outdoors can be a wonderful experience; that is unless you lose your bearings and get lost. While you probably will not end up in this situation, this has happened to some of the most experienced people. There are a few important things you can do to help you survive until you can find your way back to familiar territory. Carrying a knife on your person is one of the most important precautions you can take.

While having a knife at your disposal may not protect you sufficiently from a bear or cougar attack, having a knife may make the difference between you being killed or surviving with injuries. If your knife is sharp and long enough, you can plunge it into the eye of the animal; a killing wound if it penetrates the brain.

Hopefully, you will not encounter life-threatening danger from a predator attack, but your knife will still be the most valuable tool you have at your disposal. Once you have located a source of clean drinking water, you will want to build a small fire and possibly a shelter if the weather turns wet and cold. Your knife will make collecting firewood and building materials much easier. Look for a favorable location on a surface high enough that water will not collect if the weather turns rainy. Collect enough large stones to form a fire ring; these stones will hold heat from the fire and contain coals after the fire burns down.

a shelterBuilding a shelter may not be necessary, but you may feel more protected from small critters and bugs if your fire is situated near the open side of a small lean-to. A sharp knife makes cutting appropriate limbs to build your shelter easier. Choose at least two sturdy support limbs without leaves and properly spaced crutches to support a longer pole that will support shorter, leafy branches. If the weather remains dry, this shelter will be sufficient. If you expect rain, use your knife to cut some birch bark to cover the outer layer of branches.

You should only choose the best edc knife for best results.

Hopefully, you have situated your campsite near a source of water, so you have a supply for drinking. A lake or stream may also be a source of fish you can eat; if only you can catch them. Once again, your knife can help you out. Cut a long, straight pole and use fibers you have cut from tree bark to tie your knife to the end. You can use this primitive tool to spear some fish if you have good aim and lots of patience. Your knife can also be used to dig edible roots, but be sure you are aware of which ones are safe.

Most people venture into the great outdoors when the weather is pleasant, so you probably will not have to worry about the cold. Your next and hopefully final task is finding your way back to safety; use the position of the sun to chart your course accurately and be proud of your survival skills.

Additional Resources

The first appearance of BBS

The creator of the first Bulletin Board system with a public dial-up system was Ward Christensen. He was the father and the founder of this great idea that made connecting with people easier for all of us.

22573459658_b8bfc226b5 (1)It all began as he was snowed in during the Great Blizzard of 1978 that occurred in Chicago. Christensen had his fellow hobby enthusiast with him so they started their preliminary work on the CBBS or Computerized Bulletin Board System. CBBS was uploaded online in 1978 on 16th of February in Illinois, Chicago. With 110 and 300 modems that were effective during 1970’s BBS was pretty much slow. The speed increased as the improving of modems occurred. The 1200 bit per second modems that were popular in 1980’s led to increasing in popularity of modems making companies more focused on targeted speed of the modem.

6a00d8341cf25653ef00e54f0c9c988833-800wiThe information that was displayed was usually constructed of ASCII texts or even ANSI art. Some BBS make experiments by introducing higher resolutions of visual formats like the Remote Imaging Protocol that didn’t get much fame. The usage of higher resolution visuals implied that faster modems were required to process the information in time to present it to the screen.
Due to increased popularity of BBS, during the 1990’s the BBS industry created not less than three magazines that were updated every month. This was a big step for the evolution BBS. The three mentioned magazines were Boardwatch, BBs Magazine, and Chips ‘n Bits magazine that was popular in Australia and Asia. The main goal of these magazines was to present its viewers with software and technological breakthroughs and people responsible for their creation. It also provided a list of BBS in the U.S. and worldwide.

If FidoNetNodelist sources are true and precise the Bulletin Board Systems reached their peak in 1996. Accidentally this was the same time when World Wide Web unexpectedly became mainstream.

bbsdocBBS popularity faded after this, with more advanced software systems started to appear online used for connectivity. Some larger BBS commercials, like ExecPC BBS, transformed into actual providers of internet services. There is a great website called that acts as a database of BBS history, containing all the details in the rise and fall of this once most popular software.
There is a DVD BBS: The Documentary that is produced by Jason Scott, the creator of text files website. Over the course of 20 years, there were more than 100 000 of BBSs that existed and that were used only on the territory of North America. So the number of actual BBSs is way higher than 100 000. It is estimated that from the time they appeared until the eventual disappearance of this software systems, there were more than 580 000 Bulletin Board Systems around the world. This is of course not the official number as for the sake of rising the popularity at that time of the BBS the actual number had to be smaller.

The Bulletin Board’s corner

The BBS or the Bulletin Board system for the first tool available for collaborative computer platforms. It allows communication between two or more computers with telephone lines using a modem. With the first appearance in mid-1990’s, there were more than 60 000 Bulletin Board systems in the United electronic_tribStates only. Around 60 of them were operated by local newspapers. Electronic Trib was the name of the first newspaper BBS in 1990. The first official BBS upload went on February 16. 1978 in the home of suburban Chicago of Walt Christensen. It operated on one of the first technologically advanced computers on Star Horizon system with 4 Mhz CP/M with 5 MB of the hard drive and 110 Bps modem. The connection wasn’t possible without the answering on the phone and placing the receiver in modem’s cups that were acoustic. This system was intended for posting and reading messages; it was considered as a great technological breakthrough. This was the origin that gave an idea to creating forums on which people could exchange messages and communicate among themselves, meet other people and create a digital social life for themselves.

cbbs[1]As Bulletin Board system continued its evolution, the system became more sophisticated. Some of them make the connection of over 256 users possible, provided that BBS multi-line system was used as a connecting catalyst. While others could handle even more but they required a separate computer for every connection, so no more than one person would be connected to one computer.

This pioneer of future software presents the birth of the beginning for new ways of communicating that we created for ourselves. They were regarded as a local phenomenon; this was a new idea that many ordinary people were not used to seeing.

The possibilities for using such sophisticated system such as BBS were unlimited at the time. Where companies all around the world could advertise their products more easily than before. Another great advantage of BBS was that its users could exchange new ideas and discuss different topics at the same time. As the internet become more available and widespread in the late 1990’s, the popularity of BBS rapidly decreased as it was fading away with new ideas rising each day.

Because of the high cost of long distance charges with users who are not close to each other, local BBS users became more connected than the ones that are separated by countries across the sea. This was the main reason why BBS meets or “Get Togethers” were common for local users.

We as a human race were always ready for embracing new ideas, mainly through technological breakthroughs. There was not an idea that didn’t give birth to another even greater idea that made connecting with each other not only possible but much easier.

BBS remains to this day a godfather of all the forums and meeting places online. Nowadays we have computers so advanced that they contain information that technology in 1990’s couldn’t even imagine possessing. The evolution of technology continues.

The first BBS

102703229-03-01Not many know the story of first bulletin board system and its precursor. But now you may know it because I will tell you what is needed to know. A forerunner to the communal bulletin board system was Community Memory, ongoing in 1973 in  California. Helpful micro CPUs wasn’t present at the time, and modems were luxurious as well as sluggish. Community Memory then ran on a mainframe CPU and was connected through terminals situated in a few San Francisco neighborhoods. The reduced class of the innovative modem linking with the terminals to the processor encouraged a user to create the Pennywhistle modem, whose intend was very powerful in the middle of seventies of last century.

Community_Memory_Project,_1975_,_Computer_History_Museum,_Mountain_View,_CaliforniaCommunity Memory permitted the user to type posts into a CPU terminal after inserting a coin, like paying to make a phone call from the phone booth,  and presented a pure BBS knowledge with communal messages merely (back then email was just a dream). It did present the skill to label texts with keywords, which the user uses in search engines. The scheme acted mainly in the shape of a buy and sell systems with the labels captivating the position of the most customary classifications. But users establish habits to state themselves external of these limits, and the system impulsively shaped stories, poems and additional forms of interactions. Unluckily, the system was luxurious to function, and when their host engine became occupied, and a new one could not be established, the scheme was closed in January.

Comparable functionality was offered to most processor users, which might be measured as sort of ultra-local bulletin board systems when used in this style. Profitable systems specifically planned to offer these features to the community became obtainable in the late seventies and shaped the online service marketplace that stretched into the nineties. One mainly powerful example was PLATO, which had hundreds of users by the late seventies, many of whom used the texting and chatting in the same manner that would become ordinary on bulletin board systems.

Analogue_modem_-_acoustic_couplerPremature modems were normally extremely easy devices with acoustic couplers to switch phone process. The user would first take the phone; call a number on a phone, then push the earpiece into rubber cups on the peak of the modem. Disconnecting when the call was finished requisite the user to take the handset and go back it to the phone. Examples of straight linking modems did live, and these frequently premised the host CPU to send it instructions to reply or suspend calls, but these were extremely posh devices used by big banks and comparable businesses.

With the opening of micro CPU with growth slots, like the S-100 bus equipment and Apple II, it became likely for the modem to talk commands and information on divided lines. A numeral of modems of this kind was obtainable by the late seventies. This made the bulletin board system probable for the first occasion as it permitted software on CPU to pick up an inward call, speak with the user, and then disconnect the call when the user wasn’t online.

Bulletin Board System – a sophisticated system for communication

A bulletin board system (BBS) is a CPU or an app devoted to the distribution or replacement of messages on the Internet. At first an electronic adaptation of the category of bulletin board was established on the wall of many work places and work stations, but kitchens as well. The BBS was used to share easy messages among users. The BBS became the main type of online society from beginning the 1980s and to the end of early 1990s, before the WWW came, or as some people know it, World Wide Web.

installing-telnet-client-on-2008-4A BBS is available from World Wide Web (The Internet) a dial-up modem, or the Telnet. Because it existed before GUI become common, the BBS interface was based on texts. Though current Web-based types have a graphical, interactive interface, the text interface was favorite by bulletin board system, which can frequently be accessed by Telnet. Justin Scott, who was a co-founder of Sceiron Interactive, once said that a Web-based BBS is fundamentally a site that is motorized by bulletin board system software unlike than a other servers of web.

bbs5Most of bulletin board systems are dedicated to a exacting topic, even though number of are more universal in their complex and computerized nature. Among particular interests pictured on bulletin board systems are law, dentistry, weapon sand information for the disabled persons. A major digit of bulletin board system sites present adult oriented chat and pics for downloading. The bulletin board system is frequently on the house, even though number of people indict a membership fee, which was frequently irrelevant. Some BBSes have sites, and some net providers have BBS from which innovative users can download the essential software to get linked. The bulletin board system has its own society and slang. To be specific, a sysop is the human being who moderates a website. Chat is generally well-liked throughout the bulletin board system and many chat acronyms are actually came from chats itself.

Arpanet.geographic_map_September_1973The original bulletin board system was named the Computerized Bulletin Board System (CBBS) (it has no relation to TV CBS), and it was formed in 1978 by Randy Suessand Ward Christensen. ARPANET was also created back but it was limited to institutions financed by the U.S. Government. When CBBS became available for online networks, it developed into the original non-military CPU based society, unlike than time sharing organizations, which chosen portions of processor meting out time to a set of CPUs. Apiece of writing by Christensen and Suess available in a magazine explained Computerized Bulletin Board System and with that they had expand it, sparking the formation of a vast number of BBS systems around the planet.

In spite of the greatlybigger availability of the net, the bulletin board system is still quiteordinary in corners of the planet where the Internet is less recognized and is still appreciated by many with Internet access for its skill to promote a sense of society.


Are you one of those old enough to remember the time when there was only BBC?

bbsAre you one of those old enough to remember the time when there was only BBC? Or you have maybe just heard about it? On the other hand, you might be even using it today, but you have no idea how it all began.
Yes, it might come as a shock to many, but once upon a time, there was a world without the Internet. In fact, the World Wide Web as we know it today had its precursors in some software and applications unknown to most modern users nowadays.
BBC was one of these applications. BBC was named after the traditional me_dialup_02bulletin board which people used in various places to post their short messages, news or advertisements. The Bulletin Board System is software designed for sharing and exchanging short messages or other types of files. User logs into the system and via terminal program he gets to upload or download, read or chat, send and receive messages or even play games. The almighty social networks as we know them nowadays emerged from BBC chat rooms.  BBC was the almighty social network of the 80s and the 90s. Since BBC was accessible from a dial – up modem mostly and you had to use a phone line, long distance charges were forcing most users to use only local calling zone. This meant that most users of particular BBC live in a neighborhood which allowed them to organize live meetings and so-called “Get Togethers”.

BBS_logos_in_ASCII_artModern Internet users are used to graphical interface and usually high resolution, so primary BBCs would probably boring them. The BBC was text-based. Also, most BBCs were centered on particular topic and field of interest and a huge number of them offered “adult” chats and various similar downloadable material.
Computerized Bulletin Board System, as the first BBC was called, was software available only to the military forces, but BBC is also remembered as the first non-military software community, which it became after hitting online.
For anyone not familiar with this platform, a legit question is – who cares? Why is it, except for the mere curiosity and general knowledge, out of any importance and interest to the internet users several decades later?
235911-bbs-door-gamesIn fact, you’d be surprised. On one hand, there are still multiple parts of the world where the Internet is not so common. People over there still use BBCs widely. Older users who remember how it all began still hold it dear, partially out of sentimental reasons and partially because of its cozy and intimate sense of community.
But the actual real deal is BBC’s come back in the form of application available on the Internet. There is no doubt that so-called come back has limited capacity and BBC will never be dominant again. Still, several IT companies have announced open discussions in 2016 regarding the ideas, suggestions and possible solutions on how to combine BBCs with modern social networks and how to make it available on current powerful devices, such as tablets.